The Little Cities Archive

Shawnee, Ohio

Hocking Valley Fire Clay Co.

Posted by JRW on September 3, 2011

from Brick Magazine, 1908

Hocking Valley Fire Clay Company

New Ohio Enterprise Which Has Met With Success in the Manufacture of Glazed Brick, Hollow Building Block and Encaustic Sidewalk Brick

Among the interesting works in the famous Hocking Valley, is the plant of the Hocking Valley Fire Clay Co., located at Nelsonville, Ohio. This concern was established in 1907, and the present officers are A. Magoon, president and treasurer; J. Spencer, vice-president, and C. E. Jewett, secretary. The products of the plant are glazed and unglazed building brick, encaustic sidewalk brick, sewer pipe, tile and hollow building block, for which the company are finding a ready market.

The grounds on which the plant is located are ideal in many respects, the area of 12 acres being conveniently situated to railroad transportation and other facilities.

The main factory building is 60×204 ft. in size and the power house is 40×114 ft., the clay-grinding house 24×40 ft., and the brick-dryer building 40×110 ft.

The material from which the brick is made is of a very

other machinery consists of a sewer pipe press, and two No. 42 mold represses, furnished by the American Clay Machinery Co.

For conveying the brick to the dryers, 120 two-deck, steel cars are used of 500 capacity, and two transfer cars are required, one at the receiving end, and the other at the discharging end of the dryer.

The dryer is built of brick and cement, 40×110 ft. in size. Waste heat from the cooling kilns is utilized for drying. It has a capacity of 70,000 brick and contains eight car tracks. Two American Blower Co. 12-ft. fans are used for drawing the waste heat from the kilns into the dryer. From 30 to 60 hours are required for the drying process.

The kiln battery consists of seven of the round, dowjidraft type, of 25-ft. inside diameter, and the brick are set 16 courses high. Wood and soft coal are used for water

high character, consisting of a No. 5 plastic clay in a vein 11 ft. thick. The company owns 196 acres of this clay land. Three feet of coal overlies the clay vein. The clay is of a buff color and plastic. It is mined by the company at a cost of 15c per ton, being mined by blasting with powder, for ease in handling. The clay is hauled to the plant in wooden-bottom clump cars, holding two and onehalf tons each, drawn by horses. There is no necessity for weathering the clay, which is used immediately after mining.

In preparing the material, a Phillips & McLaren 9-ft. dry-pan of 100 tons per ten hours’ capacity is used. No crusher, disintegrator, or pulverizer is required. After mixing in the dry-pan, the material is passed through a Richardson-Lovcjoy piano wire screen of ten mesh. The

smoking, and hard coal for burning. The kilns have perforated bottoms, with circle flues.

The power plant consists of a 250 h. p. Brownell engine and two tubular boilers of 150 h. p. each, made by the Gem City Boiler Co., a pressure of 110 to 125 lbs. being maintained.

The plant of the Hocking Valley Co. is very conveniently and advantageously arranged and is in operation the entire year. Its managers are energetic, wide-awake, business men, and arc making a substantial success of their enterprise. The company is capitalized at $100,000. Mr. A. Magoon, the president and manager, formerly operated a plant at Logan, Ohio, and is a clayworker of experience and ability.

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